Definition of Master plan and Master Plan Features



The master plan is a general plan for the future layout of a city. It shows both existing and proposed streets or roads, open spaces. public buildings, etc. The master plan is also known by the name development plan or town plan. It is prepared either for the improvement of an old city or for a new town to be developed. It aims at controlling the future growth of a town along preconceived and predetermined lines. It is not a fixed plan as it is amenable from time to time keeping in view the new unexpected developments. Following are some of the reasons which lead to the thinking of having a master plan for the town.

1. Systematic growth of the industry is controlled.

2. It discourages the unplanned development of the city.

3. It shows how a town would look like in size and perspective when fully developed.

4. To limit the unprecedented flow of rural population to urban areas.

5. To show the evils which may crop up due to overcrowding of the population.

 

Objects of the Master plan

The following are the objects of a master plan for a town.

1. It helps in the intelligent use of public funds for achieving good amenities, convenience, and the health of the inhabitants.

2 It arranges all the units of a town in such a manner that present requirements and future requirements remain satisfied.

3. All the activities of towns are so arranged in relation to each other that Mutual conflict in the various activities is avoided.

4. At serves as a guide to the planning body for making any recommendations for public improvement.

The data and information collected from various surveys are used in the preparation of an effective master plan. The data required for the preparation of the Master plan of town may be

1. Geological condition of the site.

2. Land values and land use pattern.

3. Meteorological details such as rainfall, temperature; intensity, and direction of the wind, etc.

4. Local mineral resources if any.

5. Any places of historic importance.

6. Locations of natural picnic spots and landscape features.

7. Location of features like river, sea, lake, hillocks, etc.

8. Economic conditions of the people as well as authority.

9. Details of local trades and likely outcomes in industries.

10. Transport facilities.

11. Political awareness of the area.

12. Total population to be served.

13. Location of sewage disposal plant, waterworks, powerhouse, gas works, etc.

The town planner is expected to make the best use of available information to develop the most comprehensive and convenient master plan.

Features of Master plan



The master plan sets an outline for the future growth of the town, its preparation demands high skill, training, imagination, and experience on the part of the person who prepares it. He has to keep three fundamental requirements, namely amenity, convenience, and health in mind always. Planning has to be such as to satisfy all these needs fully. There will be times the proposals satisfying one requirement come in conflict with those of other requirements. The town planner has to make adjustments in such cases and set a compromise between conflicting proposals or situations. The following are the features that must be included in a Master plan.

1.Convenience and cheap means of transport.

2.Open air spaces.

3.Good sanitation and water supply.

4.Population density control.

5.Proper locations for places of worship, education, and recreation.

6. Width of the roads.

7. Rational layout.

 

Planning Standards

The term planning standards indicates the extent of minimum area for each use for a population of the town.

The standards are fixed for a particular locality by studying the functional requirements, number of users, open spaces required around the buildings, social and climatic conditions, economic activities of the locality, etc. The planning standards have to be fixed for educational medical, shopping, open space, recreational activities, etc.

The planning standards should be carefully fixed and enforced and should be reviewed from time to time to meet the changing conditions.

Stages of preparation of the master plan. Various stages of preparation of a master plan may be the following.

1. To conduct civic and Engineering surveys to collect the relevant data.

2. Developing a tentative master plan and notifying the same for comments, suggestions, and discussions with experts and the public.

3. Modifying the tentative master plan by accommodating the good suggestions and views received from experts and others.

4. Fixing the sequence in which the master plan will be implemented.

The task of preparing a master plan for a town is very complicated and requires a very high degree of skill. The proposal and ideas advocated in the master plan should be practical and least affecting to the common mass. This plan takes into dreamland and dreams are translated into realities by whole-hearted and active co-operation between the public and the planning authorities.

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