Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom,House
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom

Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom,House design
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom

Kitchen: The kitchen is a very important room in a house. Health, comfort, and happiness
of the family directly depend upon the quality and cleanliness of the food prepared in the 
kitchen. In western countries, the kitchens are very scientifically planned to keep in view the sequence of operations involved. Space has been contracted to a minimum of 1.5 mt to
1.8 m between two long walls of the working area. The mistress or the cook standing in
 the center of the scientifically designed small kitchen can reach the various things and 
equipment arranged around the walls on tops of tables and in rows of cabinets provided
 with trays, drawers, and shelves, etc. 

Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom,House design
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom


Whenever a new kitchen is being planned it should provide for cooking in standing position either in the center or near the sidewall. The grains, flour, vegetable, dairy, and poultry
products are stored in the kitchen. Then food is prepared and cooked and kept in readiness
to be served. Excess food has to be stored and preserved. The used crockery and utensils are
to be washed. Separate space is car marked for each operation in the kitchen and the
cook needs not run or sit and stand every now and then, for small things needed for food preparation.

The minimum area for kitchen-cum-store has to be 55 sqm For kitchen having separate
 store 4 sqm. may be the minimum area. For kitchen-cum-dinning, 9.5 sqm is the minimum recommended area. 
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom,House design
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom


. This arrangement necessarily requires the Burner range to be installed at a
higher level which allows easy draught of air from below. It also makes available a
considerable cabinet space below the range, makes the sink easily accessible and
increases the storage space enormously because cabinets can be arranged all around up to a height of 1.8 mt. Standing kitchens also minimize the risk of the cloth caught fire.

The following are the essentials of a modern kitchen. 
      (i) Location. Eastern or N.E. corner is the best location for the kitchen. It will be warmed and purified by the morning sunshine and remains cool for the best part
of the day. This 
location also obviates the smoke spread in the house. 
(ii) Equipment- Burner range, cabinets for storage, sink, working table, and garbage bin
are the essential equipment. A refrigerator may also be there in kitchens of well-to-do
 families. 
(iii) Lighting and ventilation- The light should enter the kitchen from two directions.
At least 15% of the floor area should be provided in the form of windows and ventilators.
Too many doors should be avoided. At most, there may be two doors. To facilitate servicing,
a serving window should also be provided. An outlook of the kitchen through the window
should provide a cheerful view. This can be achieved either by planting flowering trees or
with the help of flower pots placed just outside the kitchen windows. 

(iv) Floor and wall surface. A smooth greaseproof, good looking floor having proper slope towards drain pipe is an essential feature of a kitchen. Lower I m height of the wall should also have a smooth, tiled finishing. 
(v) Smoke outlet. Whatever kind of fuel is being used a smoke outlet is necessarily required.

(vi) Storage space. Above the level of the table, cabinets of smooth material with
close-fitting shutters and detachable shelves should be provided. The depth of the cabinet should not be more than 300 mm for convenience. The space below the table should be utilized for storing heavy articles such as jars of pickles, flour bins large utensils, etc.
Even the space above the cabinets up to the ceiling may be used for storing articles of occasional use. 

For practical planning, the sequence of operations to be performed in the kitchen is thoroughly studied and the units arranged so as to eliminate unnecessary steps and still plenty of space is left to move about. The shape of the room with the placing of the doors, windows, built-in features etc. is of first importance.

Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom,house design
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom


Dining room. It is a space used mainly for dining purposes. It may be a separate dining room
or space allocated in the kitchen itself or attached to the living room. It is being realized that providing a separate dining room is a luxury and wasteful. The room is used only for an hour
or two during breakfast, lunch, and dinner in 24 hours and thereafter, remains useless. This facility thus, cannot be afforded by middle-class families. 

High-class families can, however, afford it. A combined living-dining room is the latest trend
as it increases the usable space of the room. It has the added advantage of eliminating a
formal dining suite by substituting a table and light chairs and providing built-in storage
for linen, crockery, and silver. Another advantage is that the partition or screen, used for
division of the room provides extra unbroken space for furniture in the living room. 

Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom,House design
Essential Features of House - Kitchen, Dining room and Storeroom


Sometimes, an archway is provided and carried to the ceiling for separating the dining space
 from the drawing-room. The best way is to make the division by means of a low, removable,
 or folding partition. Their low height makes the larger expanse of celling viable which is a
 major factor in increasing the apparent size of the room. Where the size of the living-dining
 room is comparatively small drop-leaf table may be used at the end of the wall.
In small cottages, the dinning-room though small serves many useful purposes. It is the
 main sitting room for the ladies, serves as children's play-room and preparing home lessons,
 as a room for them to practice music and so on. Hence it is desirable that it should be well lighted and ventilated and should command a good aspect. When a separate dining room is
to be built, it should be located as near the kitchen as possible. It should be provided with
one or two cupboards and a washbasin in a corner for washing hands after meals. The floor
 area of a separate dining room depends on the type of furniture and the number of persons
to be served at a time. 

Minimum width of the room maybe 3 m. The dining table is generally l'1 m wide. 60 cm of
 table length is assumed per person. When chairs are to be placed at the units of the table an additional 30 cm to 20 cm is provided at both ends to accommodate dishes above the table
and legs below the table. Space for chairs by the sides oi table required is 45 cm and that for
 free movement behind the chair is 60 cm to 75 cm.

Storeroom: A store-room is a place where things can be stored. Things of frequent use are normally stored in closed cupboards provided in each room but articles that are neither
useless nor very useful and may be required at times are stored in the storeroom. Bags of
food grains, mattresses of winter use, broken furniture rainy season clothing. books, pipe
fittings, screws, nails, tools, etc. are stored in this room. While planning a house definite
storage space must be provided. 

Aloft may be constructed on the top of the garage or top of bathrooms for use as a store.
The space below the staircase should be suitably enclosed and used for articles of dead
storage. Built-in walls, cupboards could be provided below windows up to the floor level.
 
The storeroom, it provided separate, should be well ventilated and rat proof and have
adequate racks for storing the storable articles, 2 m x 3m space is considered adequate
for a storeroom.

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